The ageing of the skin often concerns us especially in the summer. When the sun is out, we want to be too. But being aware of the effects of sun exposure to skin can cast a shadow on our bright summer days as we worry about fine lines or deepening wrinkles. Besides spending time in the sun, people tend to take on other habits in the summer too that may contribute to premature ageing of the skin. We a wrote down a few effective ways to prevent the signs of ageing on skin, or to make them less visible.
If you can’t or don’t want to stay in the shade, use sunscreen with a high SPF (sun protection factor). Besides sunburn, you’ll less likely get wrinkles and liver spots as long as your sunscreen includes both UVA and UVB protection. Also, be sure to keep reapplying it throughout the day. No SPF can withstand abrasion and sweating for too long.
Avoid dry skin
Wrinkles and fine lines often seem to become a lot more visible after a hot summer’s day. This is usually due to dehydration and dying of the skin, which can be caused by spending extended periods of time in the sun, especially hot temperatures, sweating, low water intake, alcohol and smoking, among other things. Besides being cautious these, taking care of proper moisturizing is key.
Hydrate and moisturize
You can treat dry skin externally with moisturizers, oils and serums, and internally by staying hydrated and drinking plenty of water or coconut water, for example. Externally applied to the skin, hyaluronic acid is a super effective moisturizer that fills out fine lines, making the skin appear smoother. Wrinkles, creases and lines come out more in dry skin, so it pays off to keep hydrated and moisturized all year round.
The smaller molecular size in serums compared to moisturizers allows them to be absorbed deeper into the skin. Serums also contain more active substances, such as vitamins with anti-aging properties. They are almost completely absorbed and should be applied to the skin before moisturizer, which in turn locks in the active ingredients and moisture by creating a barrier to the skin’s surface.
The most studied and proven-to-work anti-ageing ingredient in skincare is probably retinol, a form of vitamin A. Due to the particularly small size of the vitamin A-molecules, they are absorbed deep into the middle layer of the skin, where they accelerate the regeneration of skin cells. They also boost the production of collagen, a protein that supports the structure of our cells, including skin cells. A serum containing retinol should be applied in the evenings, as it makes the skin more sensitive to the sun.
Collagen is an important building material in the body’s tissues, including the skin. It supports cellular structures, keeping the skin elastic and resilient. Sun, smoking and age reduce collagen production and weaken its composition. There have been studies, albeit small and somewhat controversial ones, that show hydrolyzed (broken into smaller particles) collagen supplements having a positive impact on skin making it smoother and younger looking. Collagen is a protein with a large molecular size, so applying it to the surface of the skin won’t help as it cannot be absorbed deep enough.
Microneedling rollers or pens have numerous small needles that penetrate the skin creating channels through which active ingredients can get deeper into the skin. Penetrating the skin with needles also makes the skin begin to repair itself and stimulates the production of collagen. When choosing the length of the needles on the roller or pen you should consider the sensitivity of your skin and the desired effects. 0.5 mm is usually the recommended length to use on your face at home to tackle signs of aging. 0.2 mm is suitable for younger and more sensitive skin. Needles up to 3 mm long can be used in treatments carried out by a professional. Your skin will most likely show redness after microneedling, which you might want to consider in timing it. Always use a disinfectant to clean the roller at home.